The third argument, known as the Argument from Affinity, distinguishes between those things that are immaterial, invisible, and immortal, and those things that are material, visible, and perishable.
But this would be impossible unless our soul had been somewhere before existing in this form of man; here then is another proof of the soul's immortality. This shows that the soul -being invisible and superior- is divine whereas the body is not divine.
Platonic arguments for the immortality of the soul PHIL Jeff Speaks November 28, Plato is the classical source of philosophical arguments for the immortality of the soul. Why should we think that the soul is incomposite? And I want to show that this holds universally of all opposites; I mean to say, for example, that anything which becomes greater must become greater after being less.
Is it possible that the purpose of the argument to follow is not to provide a rational argument for the immortality of the soul, but to make some of its characteristics explicit?
If that is true, then surely what we recollect now we must have learned at some time before; which is impossible unless our souls existed somewhere before they entered this human shape. It directs all the elements of which it is said to consist, opposing them in almost everything all through life, and exercising every form of control For an object to be moving faster at a particular time, it must have been moving slower first; an object must have been smaller before it became bigger; been sleeping before it became awake, etc.
True knowledge, argues Socrates, is knowledge of the eternal and unchanging Forms that underlie perceptible reality. So this already shows that the relationship of soul to body cannot be a kind of attunement. Socrates offers four arguments for the soul's immortality: And this would be conclusive, if there were any real evidence that the living are only born from the dead; but if there is no evidence of this, then other arguments will have to be adduced.
Consequently, as absolute beauty is a Form, and so is the soul, then anything which has the property of being infused with a soul is so infused with the Form of soul.
So why not say that, by analogy, it is possible that in at least some cases the soul is destroyed at death, even though the body remains?
How does this apply to natural objects in general and human beings in particular? Here Socrates equates being divine with immortality and reaches this conclusion easily.
Though this may seem sound, there is one major underlying assumption that seems unfounded, the existence of an immortal soul.
According to your theory the attunement must still exist — it cannot have been destroyed; because it would be inconceivable that when the strings are broken the instrument and the strings themselves, which have a mortal nature, should still exist, and the attunement, which shares the nature and characteristics of the divine and immortal, should exist no longer Just as being asleep is the opposite of being awake, so too is being dead the opposite of being alive.
Now note that there are some things which have a certain property essentially — e. Are you agreed about that? Is it is true that incomposite things cannot be destroyed?Introducing Ancient Greek Philosophy: Lesson 9: The Cycle of Opposites Argument: We finally arrive at Plato's first argument for the immortality of the soul.
It is based in the idea of cyclical opposition, which governs any change from one opposed state to its opposite. An Analytic Outline of Plato's Phaedo Brian B.
Clayton THE FIRST THREE IMMORTALITY ARGUMENTS IN THE "PHAEDO" 1. Argument 1: The Argument from Opposites (70bd) (1) If the souls of the living come only from the dead, then the souls of men who have died must exist in the underworld.
Unlike the body, the soul is immortal, so it will survive death. Socrates provides four arguments for believing the soul is immortal. He bases the first, known as the Argument from Opposites, on the observation that everything comes to be from out of its opposite.
Socrates and the Immortality of the Soul Socrates’ first argument is based on the idea of dialectics and the cycle of life and death. According to Socrates, all the things come to exist from their opposites.
“ for all things which come to be, let us see whether they come to be in this way, that is, from their opposites if they have.
Plato’s 1st argument for the Immortality of the Soul from opposites and Theory of Reincarnation Plato’s Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes and Simmias where Socrates gives some arguments for the immortality of the soul.
Socrates and the Immortality of the Soul “Phaedo” is one of the dialogues that take place in Plato’s great work Five Dialogues (first four being Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Meno). Phaedo is the last dialogue in the book and it contains the last speeches between Socrates and his friends.Download