Journal of Learning Disabilities, 58, Understanding the impact of these factors on the individual with learning disabilities will enable investigators to reduce many of the secondary problems associated with having a learning disability.
For these outcomes, different factors come into play. An examination of selected typologies: These risk and protective factors may be internal characteristics of -the individual or external characteristics of the family, school and community environments.
Reading retardation and antisocial behaviour: For example, how does high self-esteem or strong parental support affect an adolescent with learning disabilities who is experiencing school failure?
Teachers College Record, 87, Thus, school failure for a student with a learning disability puts him or her at greater risk for delinquent behavior than would school failure for a student without a learning disability.
Much of this can be explained by a lifestyles exposure model, that is, the clustering of people with disabilities into group living situations increases the exposure of potential victims with disabilities to potential offenders with disabilities.
While several projects have longitudinal data available e. Schools and communities of support. Adults with social skill difficulties may live in constant fear of revealing social inadequacies.
Perceived Vulnerability The perception that disability increases vulnerability may add to the risk of victimization. Certain student characteristics have been identified as risk factors for dropping out; these include prior school attendance, discipline problems, reading ability, socioeconomic status, and family intactness Blackorby et al.
A longitudinal study of perinatal risk. An educational intervention for parents of children with learning disabilities.
In some cases, offenders have a special sexual attraction to people Page 28 Share Cite Suggested Citation: While the majority of individuals with learning disabilities function well in society, identification of factors related to risk and resilience for this population allows us to facilitate the adjustment of those who experience more severe problems.
An educational intervention for parents of children with learning disabilities. Bartnick and Parkay noted that characteristics of successful dropout prevention programs, such as small class size with low student teacher ratios, responsive educational programming, individualized attention, basic skill instruction, and parental involvement, are also associated with special education programs.
Psychological adjustment and family functioning of boys with learning disabilities.
Therefore, generalizations to females about the relationships between delinquency and learning disabilities would be inappropriate. Rather, other risk and protective factors, as highlighted in the literature, interact with the presence of a learning disability to facilitate or impede adjustment.
Learning Disability Quarterly, 13, For example, several studies address the role of family perceptions of a learning disability on subsequent behavior e. Rutter found that when four or more risk factors were present for a child born prematurely, the rate of later disturbance rose significantly.
For instance, an individual with a developmental disability was beaten by police when he was mistaken for a robber who was resisting arrest because he did not communicate with the arresting officers St.
An alternative to dropping out?
Healthy bonds with family members and other intimates provide a significant barrier to abuse and violence. We consider school failure as an environmental risk, because variations in school policies support different levels of accommodation to students with special needs.
Learning Disability Quarterly, 6, Four interactive models are considered. Several protective factors also emerge from the literature.This book arose out of the author's awareness that there was little material relating to the assessment of risks for people with learning disabilities, even though many care workers and health and social services staff are required to carry out such assessments for their clients.
Jan 28, · Learning disabilities (LD) vary from person to person.
One person with learning disabilities may not have the same kind of learning problems as another person with learning disabilities. One person may have trouble with reading and writing. Another person with learning disabilities may have problems.
Risk is closely linked to dangerousness, resulting in harm which seems to be agreed means harm to self or others and extend of harm which constitutes a risk in various situations especially adult with learning disabilities. Recent theories of risk and resiliency, based on early work by Garmezy, Masten, and Tellegen () and Rutter (), provide a framework for understanding the complex factors that influence the adjustment of individuals with learning disabilities.
Risk is closely linked to dangerousness, resulting in harm which seems to be agreed means harm to self or others and extend of harm which constitutes a risk in. The researchers in this U.S.
study set out to look at the prevalence of falls amongst a cohort of adults with learning disabilities and to explore specific risk factors. They used baseline data from the Longitudinal Health and Intellectual Disability Study for 1, adults learning disability.Download