You may find it necessary to adjust the focus of your topic in light of the resources available to you. If an entry is more than one line, then the second line must be indented a half an inch.
The source in the above example would look like this: Locate materials With the direction of your research now clear to you, you can begin locating material on your topic.
The University of Nevada, Reno Libraries define primary sources as providing "an inside view of a particular event". In text citations go at the end of the sentence or paragraph where the piece of information is quoted or paraphrased.
Do a preliminary search for information Before beginning your research in earnest, do a preliminary search to determine whether there is enough information out there for your needs and to set the context of your research.
Name the author, last name first. Identify and develop your topic Selecting a topic can be the most challenging part of a research assignment.
Historians use the Chicago Style, which is in its 16th edition; but the 15th edition is still widely used. Merely documenting paraphrases and summaries at the end of paragraphs leaves your reader confused. Look up your keywords in the appropriate titles in the library's Reference collection such as encyclopedias and dictionaries and in other sources such as our catalog of books, periodical databases, and Internet search engines.
Title of article [Electronic version].
They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Make sure the message that you want to get across to the reader has been thoroughly stated.
Check your Internet citation for accuracy. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e.
When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. The names of periodicals are capitalized and italicized. Include the date of access. Writing down the URL is no longer a required step in MLA, so check with your instructor for their personal preferences.
In the Chicago Style, there are three main groups of documentation: Since this is the very first step in writing a paper, it is vital that it be done correctly.
New York Times Our model is consistent with the observations that the changing wage-hours correlation among men is driven by married men, and that there is little change in the wage-hours correlation among employed women and at the household level.
For definitions of primary sources: Many times your instructor will give you clear guidelines as to what you can and cannot write about. The citation for a newspaper is as follows. Abstract definitions[ edit ] The concept of "document" has been defined by Suzanne Briet as "any concrete or symbolic indication, preserved or recorded, for reconstructing or for proving a phenomenon, whether physical or mental.
Each time a source is referred to a footnote is inserted at the end of the sentence or at the end of the paragraph.
Sometimes common knowledge can be tricky to define. A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al Home > Research Support > Citing Sources. Citing Sources. APA. Also see print version.
Chicago. Also see print version or online (Duke only) version. CSE. Also see print version. MLA. Also see print version. Turabian. Also see print or Kindle versions. In a report or research paper, documentation is the evidence provided (in the form of endnotes, footnotes, and entries in bibliographies) for information and ideas borrowed from others.
That evidence includes both primary sources and secondary sources. Elio Fameli holds a Law degree from the University of Florence. He is an Associated Research Director at the ITTIG - "Istituto di Teoria eTecniche dell'Informazione Giuridica" ("Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques"), previously known as IDG ("Istituto per la DocumentazioneGiuridica" - "Institute for Legal Documentation"), an organ of the Italian National Research Council.
Documenting your sources within the text of your paper: Most current research papers insert the basic source information inside parentheses within the text of the paper either at the end of the sentence, or group of sentences, that contain the source's information. These OWL resources will help you conduct research using primary source methods, such as interviews and observations, and secondary source methods, such as books, journals, and the Internet.
This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. The mission of PCD is to promote the open exchange of information and knowledge among researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention.Download